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Lamiaceae Lindley

唇形科

Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae sp.

Credit: Hong Song

  • Labiatae A. L. Jussieu

    Habit: tree, shrub, herb, liana

    Important diagnostics: aromatic oil

    Taxon group: dicots

    Stem: quadrangular

    Leaf: position: opposite, alternate, verticillate/whorled

    Leaf: nature: simple, compound

    Leaf: blade: margin: lobed, cleft, parted or divided

    Leaf: stipules: absent

    Flowers: inflorescence: solitary, raceme, spike, head, cyme, panicle

    Flowers: sexuality: bisexual, unisexual

    Flowers: symmetry: actinomorphic, zygomorphic

    Flowers: disc: present

    Flowers: sepal number/calyx lobes: 4, 5

    Flowers: sepal position: connate or basally connate

    Flowers: petal number/corolla lobes: 4, 5

    Flowers: petal position: connate or basally connate

    Corolla: labiate

    Stamen: number: 2, 4

    Stamen: arrangement: didynamous, same number as petals or sepals

    Stamen: anthers: opening by longitudinal slits

    Stamen: filaments: free, connate into 1 tube or bundle

    Stamen: other characters: staminodia present

    Pistil: style: style gynobasic

    Pistil: carpel: 2

    Pistil: ovary: 2-loculed, 4-loculed

    Pistil: ovule: 1 per locule, 2 per locule

    Ovary: position: superior

    Fruit: types and characters: a nut (incl. achene, caryopsis, schizocarp, pyrene, etc.)

    Fruit: seed: 1 seed

    Seed: endosperm: seeds without endosperm, seeds with endosperm

    Google Image Search: Link

    Dictionary of The Families & Genera of Chinese Seed Plants: Link

    Vascular Plant Type Catalog at NYBG: Link


     

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