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Solanaceae A. L. Jussieu

茄科

Solanaceae
Brugmansia sp.

Credit: Xiangying Wen

Habit: tree, shrub, herb

Important diagnostics: spiny stems or leaves

Hairs: glandular, stellate, branched

Taxon group: dicots

Leaf: position: alternate

Leaf: nature: simple, compound, pinnately compound

Leaf: blade: margin: entire, lobed, cleft, parted or divided, dentate

Leaf: stipules: absent

Flowers: inflorescence: solitary, raceme, umbel, fascicle, cyme, panicle

Flowers: sexuality: bisexual, polygamous

Flowers: symmetry: actinomorphic

Flowers: sepal number/calyx lobes: 5

Flowers: petal number/corolla lobes: 5

Flowers: petal position: connate or basally connate

Flower: bractlet: present

Stamen: number: 4, 5

Stamen: arrangement: alternate or antesepalous, same number as petals or sepals

Stamen: anthers: opening by longitudinal slits, opening by apical pores

Stamen: filaments: inserted on the corolla

Pistil: style: style 1, or styles more or less connate

Pistil: carpel: 2

Pistil: ovary: 1-loculed, 2-loculed, 3-loculed, 4-loculed, 5-loculed

Pistil: ovule: 1 per locule, 2 per locule, 3 per locule, 4+ per locule

Pistil: pistil: ovules axillary placentation

Fruit: types and characters: a capsule (incl. pod, follicle, etc.), fleshy (berry, drupe, pome)

Seed: embryo: straight, curved

Seed: endosperm: seeds with endosperm

Google Image Search: Link

Dictionary of The Families & Genera of Chinese Seed Plants: Link

Vascular Plant Type Catalog at NYBG: Link


 

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