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Wen's Keys | Family List | Theaceae | Camellia

Camellia fraterna Hance

Camellia fraterna

Credit: Xiangying Wen

Habit: shrub

Plant Height (m): 1-4 m

Elevation (m): 300-1100 m

Distribution: China: Anhui, Fujian, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Zhejiang

Young Branch: pubescent, hirsute

Leaf upper surface: midrib hairy

Leaf texture: leathery

Leaf lower surface: pubescent, midrib hairy

Leaf length (cm): 4-8 cm

Leaf width (cm): 1.5-3.5 cm

Leaf shape: oblong-elliptic, elliptic

Leaf margin: serrulate

Leaf apex: acute

Leaf base: broadly-cuneate, cuneate

Lateral vein: pairs: 7-9

Petiole length (mm): 3-5 mm

Petiole: pubescent

Flower: solitary, 2-5 flowers clustered

Flower position: axillary, subterminal

Flower diameter (cm): 2.5-4 cm

Pedicel: present

Pedicel length (cm): 0.3-0.4 cm

Bractlet number: 4-5

Bractlet: persistent

Bractlet position: covers the pedicel

Bractlet shape: ovate

Branchlet length (mm): 1-2 mm

Bractlet hairiness: sericeous outside

Sepal: persistent

Sepal number: 5

Sepal shape: broadly ovate, suborbicular

Sepal length (mm): 2-3.5 mm

Sepal hairiness: pubescent outside, sericeous inside

Petal number: 5-6

Petal color: white

Petal shape: obovate, broadly obovate

Petal length (mm): 20-25 mm

Petal hairiness: pubescent outside

Petal: basally slightly connate

Stamen length (mm): 15-20 mm

Filaments hairiness: glabrous

Filaments: lower half of outer filaments connate into a short tube

Ovary: glabrous

Ovary shape: orbicular

Ovary locus: 3-locular

Relative length of stamens and styles: equal

Style number: 3

Style: 3-cleft

Fruit shape: orbicular, ovate

Fruit diameter (cm): 1.5-2 cm

Seed number per locule: 1

Seed shape: suborbicular

Seed color: castaneous


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