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Taiwan Gramineae | Family List | Poaceae

Anthoxanthum L.

黃花茅屬

Anthoxanthum japonicum subsp. luzoniense
specimen

Credit: cs kuoh

Annual or perennial. Panicle contracted to spiciform. Spikelets lanceolate, the 2 lower florets represented by empty lemmas (rarely 1 or both male); glumes unequal, the upper usually exceeding and enclosing the florets, keeled; sterile lemmas longer than fetile, membranous, bilobed, the lower with a short straight awn from above middle, the upper geniculately awned from below middle; fertile lemma cartilaginous, the margins convolute and covering paelea, emarginate; palea 1-nerved, without keels; lodicules 0; stamens 2; stigmas pubescent, protoynous.

Species 18.Temperate Eurasia and Africa indluding the tropical mountains, and in central America; introduced to other temperate regions.

Meadows and dry grassland.
台灣有兩種,香黃花茅為歸化種。

LITERATURE Schouten, Y. and Veldkamp, J. F. 1985. A revision of Anthoxanthum including Hierochloe (Gramineae) in Malesia and Thailand. Blumea 30 (2): 319-351.


KEY TO THE SPECIES

1 Upper glume only sligtly longer than the sterile florets; panicle with several branches.   subsp. luzoniense
+ Upper glume more than twice as long as the sterile florets; panicle without conspicuous branches.   Anthoxanthum odoratum

Lower Taxa


 

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