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Taiwan Gramineae | Family List | Poaceae

Melinis Beauv.

糖蜜草屬

Melinis minutifora
drawing

Credit: CC Hsu

Annuals or perennials, culm creeping, rooting at base, erect above. Leaf blade flat, usually spreading horizontally; ligule a ciliate rim; sheaths often long-hairy and viscid. Inflorescence a repeatedly branched panicle, branches arranged on all sides of central axis, ultimate branchlets slender. Spikelets articulate with pedicel, small, slightly compressed laterally, lower glume minute; upper glume subequal to lower lemma, both thinly membranaceous; upper glume 2-lobed, muticous or with minute awn; lower lemma narrower, with 2 narrow lobes, usually with a slender awn from sinus, 7-veined; lower palea absent; upper lemma shorter, membranaceous, obscurely veined, unawned; upper palea equally long, faintly veined; stamens 3, anthers rather large; styles 2, free, short, stigma plumose, exserted laterally. Caryopsis enclosed between not or scarcely indurate upper palea and lemma, oblong, greenish yellow, faintly variegated with purple or brown; hilum small, basal; embryo nearly 1/2 as long as caryopsis.

Eleven species in tropical and South Africa. One naturalized pasture grass in Taiwan.

Lower Taxon


 

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