Panicum subquadripara Trin., Gram. Panic. 145. 1826.
Urochloa subquadripara (Trin.) R. D. Webster, Austral. Paniceae 252. 1987; Veldkamp, Blumea 41: 429.
Culms slender, straggling or suberect, often spreading, rooting at lower nodes, nodes pubescent.
Blades 3-15 cm long, 4-8 mm wide, glabrous or sparsely pilose, margins scabrous; sheath usually
shorter than internode and more or less ciliate on margins; ligule a row of hairs, 1-2 mm long. Racemes
3-6, spreading, rather distant along glabrous or sparsely hairy axis; rachis flattened, glabrous or sometimes
with scattered stiff hairs. Spikelets solitary, elliptic, 3.1-4.3 mm long, gglabrous; glumes 5-7-
veined; lower lemma faintly 5-veined; anther ca. 1.2 mm long.
The tropics of the Old World, and introduced elsewhere. Taiwan, in lowland open waste places,
roadsides and moist grassy places.
ILAN: Chiaochi, Hsu 827. TAIPEI: Chinshan, Hsu 1289; Shimen, Hsu 1261. HSINCHU: Hsinchu, Hsu 1313.
MIAOLI: Tapu, Hsu 708. TAICHUNG: Taichung, Yamamoto 239. NANTOU: Puli, Hsu 1372. YULIN: Huwei, Hsu
472. TAINAN: Chiali, Mori 651. PINGTUNG: Chutien, Hsu 526; Kenting, Hsu 1100. TAITUNG: Chihpen, Hsu
334. HUALIEN: Yuli, Yamamoto 3040.
midrib 中肋: (no)not conspicuous
leaf surface 表面: (sha)upper surface with shallow notch between the veins
sclerenchyma 厚壁組織: (boscl)(bostr)on both sides of veins as strand or girder
chlorenchyma 葉綠組織: (radia)cells radiate and lesser than bundle sheath cell in width
bundle sheath 維管束鞘: (dko)two bundle sheaths the outer one with conspicuous chloroplast
buliform cells well developed 泡狀細胞發達: mainly appear in adaxial side
no small vein under buliform cells泡狀細胞下無小脈: (bcfan)bulliform cell with colorless cells extend beneath it
chlorenchyma cell number between two adjacent veins: 2
chloroplast form in bundle sheath 束鞘細胞內之葉綠體型式: (per)large amount and in peripheral site
mestome sheath 內束鞘細胞: (Xyms+)metaxylem pole adjacent with mestome sheath
distance between two adjancent vein 脈間距: 140 micrometer
length/weidth ratio of bundle sheath in LS 束鞘細胞縱面長寬比: 1
chlorenchyma cell shape in LS 葉綠細胞縱面形狀: lobed