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Taiwan Gramineae | Family List | Poaceae | Dactylis

Dactylis glomerata Linn., Sp. Pl. 71. 1753. Hsu, Fl. Taiwan 5: 439. 1978; Koyama, Grass. Jap. Neighb. Reg. 104. 1987.


Densely tufted perennial, with short rhizome. Culm up to 1 m tall, 3 mm in diameter. Blade 20 cm long, 5 mm wide, minutely hispid on nerves; ligule 5 mm long, truncate, membranous. Panicle loose, up to 9 cm long, branches single, rarely binate; Spikelet 2-4-flowered, 7 mm long; glumes lanceolate, weakly 2-3-nerved, hairy on lateral nerves; the lower chartaceous, 4 mm long; the upper subcoriaceous, 5 mm long; lemma lanceolate, 5.5 mm long, chartaceous, 5-nerved, with a short awn at the apex, hairy on back and margins; palea chartaceous, narrowly lanceolate, 2-keeled, minutely ciliate on keels, margins folded and overlapping; anther 2 mm long.

TAICHUNG: Lishan, Kuo 8427. NANTOU: Tatachia, Kuoh s. n. Sept. 17, 2000.

Originally distributed in Europe, North Africa and temperate Asia.

Widely naturalized or cultivated in North America and southern Africa.


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