Panicum ciliare Retz., Observ. Bot. 4: 16. 1786.
Annuals; culm weak, base decumbent, branching, 50-100 cm tall. Blade linear, 8-20 cm long, 50-12
mm wide; sheath more or less pilose; ligule membranaceous, 1-3 mm long, truncate. Inflorescence in
subcontracted 3-8 digitate racemes, recemes 5-15 cm long; rachis 0.6-1 mm wide, margins serrate.
Spikelets suppressed on one side of rachis, ca. 3 mm long, greenish or purplish; pedicels unequal, triangular,
serrate; lower glume minute but distinct, ca. 2 mm long, triangular; upper glume lanceolate, 1/2-
3/5 as long as spikelet, narrow, margins ciliate, 3-veined; lower lemma broadly lanceolate, strongly 5-7
veined, membranaceous, lateral intervein spaces appressedly pubescent, hairs sometimes spreading at
maturity but connected at apex; upper lemma lanceolate, coriaceous, pale green to yellowish brown, as
long as lower lemma; anther ca. 0.9 mm long.
ILAN: Chiaochi, Hsu 832; Tali, Hsu 810. TAIPEI: Kankou, Hsu 642. TAOYUAN: Neili, Hsu 1220. MIAOLI:
Chunan, Hsu 736; Tapu, Hsu 603. TAICHUNG: Pashienshan, Hsu 419. CHIAYI: Alishan, Huang 1774. TAINAN:
Hsinhua, Hsu 718. KAOHSIUNG: Fengshan, Suzuki 4287. PINGTUNG: Fengkang, Hsu 1184. TAITUNG: Chihpen,
Hsu 315; Lutao Is., Kudo & Mori 199. HUALIEN: Milun, Yamamoto 3251.
The tropical and warm temperate regions of the world. Taiwan, in wayside and open ground, also
cultivated as a fodder grass.