Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo-Lutati in Malpighia. 18: 386. 1904. Hsu, Fl. Taiwan 5: 480. 1978; Koyama, Grass. Jap. Neighb. Reg. 250. 1987.
Poa cilianensis All., Fl. Pedem 2: 246. 1785.
Eragrostis major Host, Icon. Gram. Austr. 4: 14. pl. 24. ,1809.
Eragrostis megastachya (Koel.) Link, Hort. Berol. 1: 187. 1827.
Culm tufted. Blade linear-lanceolate, about 6 cm long by 4 mm wide, glandular along the midrib and margins; ligule a ring of hairs, about 0.5 mm long; sheath-mouth covered with tubercular hairs. Inflorescence an open panicle, about 11 cm long. Spikelets about 5.5 mm long by 2 mm wide, up to 12-flowered or more, linear-lanceolate; glumes chartaceous, boat-shaped, lanceolate in outline, 1-nerved, glandular along nerves; the lower about 1.2 mm long, slightly shorter than the upper; lemma chartaceous, broadly oblong, conspicuously 3-nerved, about 1.6 mm long; palea chartaceous, oblanceolate, rounded at the apex, 2-keeled, minutely ciliate on keels, about 1.2 mm long. Caryopsis about 0.5 mm long, oblong; embryo 1/2 the length of the caryopsis.
MIAOLI: Tsolan, Shimada 4168. CHANGHUA: Lukang, Kuoh 1644. YUNLIN: Huwei, Hsu 3069. TAINAN: Tainan, Kao & Hsu 279. TAITUNG: Malan, Hsu 994. HUALIEN: Tienhsiang, Hsu 3720.
Widely distributed in the warmer regions of the world and can be used as a fodder grass.
The caryopsis of this species is subglobose and reddish-brown in color, while those of the similar species, E. poaeoides are dark brown and broadly oblong.