Ischaemum ophiuroides Munro, Proc Amer. Acad. 4: 363. 1860.
Eremochloa ophiuroides (Munro) Hack. var. longifolia Hayata, Icon. Pl. Form. 7: 78. 1918.
Culm tufted. Blade about 4 cm long by 3 mm wide, with short hairs on the back and margins; ligule minute, about 0.2 mm long. Inflorescence a single raceme, about 4 cm long. Spikelets paired, dimorphic, all sessile, the upper reduced, liner as long as the lower; the lower oblong, compressed, about 4 mm long. Lower glume subcoriaceous, oblong, apex 2-winged, lower part inrolled, inconspicuously 9-nerved, tessellate-nerved, glabrous, lateral spines stout and short, as long as the spikelet; upper glume subcoriaceous, lanceolate, margins folded, 3-nerved, about 3.8 mm long. Lower floret hyaline, about 3.4 mm long; lemma lanceolate, boat-shaped, upper margins inrolled; palea elliptical, margins folded. Upper floret of the same texture, about 2.5 mm long; lemma oblong, margins slightly inrolled, irregularly toothed; palea as long as the lemma, deltoid at the apex.
TAIPEI: Yingko, Hsu 591. ILAN: Chiaochi, Hsu 99. HSINCHU: Hsienchaoshih, Hsu 7789A; Tapu, Hsu 479. TAOYUAN: Nankan, Hosokawa s. n. July 6, 1930. MIAOLI: Chunan,
Hsu 479., TAICHUNG: Houli, Hsu 235.,TAITUNG:TaiPingChi Taitung city, YF Chen 20638.
Distributed in South China and Vietnam.
This is a promising lawn grass in Taiwan. It has stoloniferous stems and the leaves form dense flat mats on poor soils on hillsides.
leaf surface 表面: (fla)flat surface
sclerenchyma 厚壁組織: (noscl)no except large vein
chlorenchyma 葉綠組織: (radia)cells radiate and lesser than bundle sheath cell in width
bundle sheath 維管束鞘: (sk)single bundle sheath with conspicuous chloroplast
buliform cells well developed 泡狀細胞發達: mainly appear in adaxial side
with small vein under buliform cells泡狀細胞下有小脈: (bcarc)bulliform cell with colorless cells form an arc-shape
chlorenchyma cell number between two adjacent veins: 2
chloroplast form in bundle sheath 束鞘細胞內之葉綠體型式: (out)large amount and in centrifugal site
mestome sheath 內束鞘細胞: (Xyms -)metaxylem pole adjacent with outer bundle sheath
distance between two adjancent vein 脈間距: 55 micrometer