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Taiwan Gramineae | Family List | Poaceae | Eriochloa

Eriochloa procera (Retz.) C. E. Hubb., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew. 1930: 256. 1930; Hsu, Fl. Taiwan 5:555. pl. 1430. 1978.

高野黍

Eriochloa procera
drawing

Credit: CC Hsu

Agrostis procera Retz., Obs. Bot. 4: 19. 1786.

Perennials; culm tufted, 30-100 cm tall, hairy at least below inflorescence, nodes pubescent. Blade glabrous, 4-20 cm long, 2-8 mm wide; sheath keeled, glabrous; ligule a ring of white hairs, 0.6-0.8 mm long. Inflorescence of racemose racemes, racemes few to many, rachis flattened, puberulent, ca. 0.5 mm wide; pedicel 1.5-2 mm long, bearing long stiff hairs, ca. 0.3 mm long, usually purplish; lower glume minute, surrounding callus; upper glume slightly shorter than spikelet; lower palea wanting; upper lemma pale, minutely rugose, ca. 2 mm long, with a hispidulous awn of ca. 0.5 mm long or less; anther ca. 1.1 mm long.India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Indochina, Malesia and China. Taiwan, very common and limited to the central and southern parts of the island. It grows along ditches and the edges of paddy fields.

CHIAYI: Chiayi, Yamashiu 331. TAINAN: Tainan, Hsu 612. PINGTUNG: Fangliao, Hsu 494. TAITUNG: Ansuo, Hsu 1038; Chihpen, Hsu 983. HUALIEN: Hualien, Mori 7122.

midrib 中肋: (sm)small:with one vascular bundle

leaf surface 表面: (fla)flat surface

sclerenchyma 厚壁組織: (ecstr)strand enclosed by colorless cells
and epidermis

chlorenchyma 葉綠組織: (radia)cells radiate and lesser than
bundle sheath cell in width

bundle sheath 維管束鞘: (sk)single bundle sheath with
conspicuous chloroplast

buliform cells well developed 泡狀細胞發達: mainly appear in adaxial side

no small vein under buliform cells泡狀細胞下無小脈: (bcfan)bulliform cell with colorless cells
extend beneath it

chlorenchyma cell number between two adjacent veins: 2

chloroplast form in bundle sheath 束鞘細胞內之葉綠體型式: (out)large amount and in centrifugal site

mestome sheath 內束鞘細胞: (Xyms -)metaxylem pole adjacent with
outer bundle sheath

distance between two adjancent vein 脈間距: 80 micrometer

length/weidth ratio of bundle sheath in LS 束鞘細胞縱面長寬比: 1

chlorenchyma cell shape in LS 葉綠細胞縱面形狀: lobed


 

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