Festuca rubra L., Sp. Pl. 74. 1753. Hsu, Fl. Taiwan 5: 443. 1978; Koyama, Grass. Jap. Neighb. Reg. 83. 1987.
Festuca rubra L. var. nankotaizanensis Ohwi, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 5: 52. 1936.
Festuca rubra L. var. niitakensis Ohwi, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 5: 53. 1936.
Culm 25-30 cm tall, less than 0.5 mm in diameter. Blade needle-like, 5-10 cm long, 1-2 mm wide, subcoriaceous, nerves conspicuous; ligule chartaceous, less than 0.5 mm long, truncate, minutely ciliate. Pacicle narrow contracted, 7 mm long. Spikelets 3-6-flowered, up to 12 mm long; lower glume chartaceous, linear-lanceolate, 1-nerved, 3-7 mm long,upper glume lanceolate, chartaceous, 3-nerved, 4-8 mm long, margins minutely hairy; lemma subcoriaceous, minutely ciliate on keels; anther 1-2.5 mm long. Caryopsis cylindrical, 4 mm long; hilum linear.
ILAN: Nanhutashan, Hsu 5956. HSINCHU: Tapachienshan, Kuoh 3270. TAICHUNG: Chiaangtashan, Suzuki 5231. CHIAYI: Mt. Morrison, Tsann 31, Hsu 5375. KAOHSIUNG: Fukuyama s. n. July 12, 1935.
Widely distributed in temperate and subarctic region of Northern Hemisphere.
Many infraspecific taxa have been described, in which, Festuca rubra var. nankotaizanensis Ohwi and Festuca rubra var. nittakaensis Ohwi were recorded in Taiwan.