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Taiwan Gramineae | Family List | Poaceae | Microstegium

Microstegium somai (Hayata) Ohwi, Act. Phytotax. Geobot. 11: 155. 1942. Hsu, Fl. Taiwan 5:675. 1978.

相馬莠竹

Microstegium somai

Credit: CC Hsu, 1975 Taiwan Grasses

Polliniopsis somai Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formos. 7: 76. 1918; Honda, Monogr. 411. 1930.
Microstegium japonicium (Miquel) Koidz. subsp. somai (Hayata); Koyama, Grass. Jap. Neighb. Reg. 427. 1987.

Culm geniculate, about 1 mm across. Blade about 3 mm long by 6 mm wide; basal part broad, nearly glabrous; ligule minute, about 0.25 mm long, truncate; sheath margins sericeous. Racemes 3-4, subdigitately arranged, about 6 cm long. Spikelets paired, monomorphic, the upper long pedicellate, the lower shortly pediceled; rachis-joint slender, as long as the spikelet, about 4.5 mm long. Lower glume lanceolate, as long as the spikelet, subcoriaceous, 2-keeled, conspicuously 3-nerved, 2-toothed; upper glume chartaceous, lanceolate, 1-nerved, 2-keeled, margins membranous, inrolled and fimbriate, minutely 2-toothed, with a long awn arising from the sinus; lower lemma about 2 mm long, linear-lanceolate, membranous, 1-nerved, with an awn of about 10 cm long; upper lemma similar to the lower, slightly shorter, upper palea reduced; stamens 2, anther about 0.8 mm long.

TAIPEI: Yangmingshan, Hsu 143. ILAN: Taipingshan, Sasaki 12212. NANTOU: Chitou, Hsu s. n. July 15, 1954.

Endemic.
This species is closely related to Microstegium nudum.

midrib 中肋: (sm)small:with one vascular bundle

leaf surface 表面: (fla)flat surface, (sha)upper surface with shallow notch
between the veins

sclerenchyma 厚壁組織: (noscl)no except large vein

chlorenchyma 葉綠組織: (radia)cells radiate and lesser than
bundle sheath cell in width

bundle sheath 維管束鞘: (sk)single bundle sheath with
conspicuous chloroplast

buliform cells well developed 泡狀細胞發達: mainly appear in adaxial side

no small vein under buliform cells泡狀細胞下無小脈: (fanfu)bulliform set fan shaped,
cells similar in size

chlorenchyma cell number between two adjacent veins: 2-3

chloroplast form in bundle sheath 束鞘細胞內之葉綠體型式: (per)large amount and in peripheral site

mestome sheath 內束鞘細胞: (Xyms -)metaxylem pole adjacent with
outer bundle sheath

chlorenchyma cell shape in LS 葉綠細胞縱面形狀: lobed

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Related Objects Image Gallery 
  • Image/JPEG (CS Kuoh, 2004 leaf anatomy)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Image/JPEG (CS Kuoh, 2004 leaf surface)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Image/GIF (CC Hsu, 1975 Taiwan Grasses)
  • Image/GIF

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