Perennials; culm glabrous, tufted, 80-130 cm tall. Blade 10-20 cm long, 5-8 mm wide; sheath
longer than internode, compressed keeled, margins papillose-pilose; ligule membranaceous, 1-2 mm
long, often with tawny hairs abaxially. Racemes 7-20, 5-8 cm long; rachis 2-4 mm wide, margins scabrous.
Spikelets apiculate, paired, in 4-rows, at least in central part of raceme, broadly obovate, 2-2.5
mm long, purple or pale green, lower glume absent; upper glume and lower lemma equal, 3-veined,
minutely crispid-puberulent; upper lemma brown at maturity, indurate; anther ca.0.9 mm long.
TAIPEI: Taipei, Hsu 56; Yangmingshan, Hsu 138. TAICHUNG: Pahsienshan, Hsu 246. KAOHSIUNG: Fengshan,
Suzuki 5641. PINGTUNG: Hengchun, Keng 375.
India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Indochina, Malesia, northern Australia and the Ryukyus. Taiwan, solitary
or in groups in moist places.
leaf surface 表面: (fla)flat surface
sclerenchyma 厚壁組織: (mistr)strand variable with size of vein
chlorenchyma 葉綠組織: (radia)cells radiate and lesser than bundle sheath cell in width
bundle sheath 維管束鞘: (sk)single bundle sheath with conspicuous chloroplast
buliform cells well developed 泡狀細胞發達: mainly appear in adaxial side
with small vein under buliform cells泡狀細胞下有小脈: (fansh)bulliform set shell-shaped or fan -shaped
chlorenchyma cell number between two adjacent veins: 2
chloroplast form in bundle sheath 束鞘細胞內之葉綠體型式: (out)large amount and in centrifugal site
mestome sheath 內束鞘細胞: (Xyms -)metaxylem pole adjacent with outer bundle sheath
distance between two adjancent vein 脈間距: 78 micrometer