Perennials; clum glabrous, 80-130 cm high. Blade narrowly lanceolate, thin, plicate, glabrous, 30-
20 cm long, acuminate; mouth of sheath long hairy, margins ciliate; ligule ca. 2 mm long, consisting of
a ring of hairs. Panicle loose, branches contracted, 20-30 cm long. Spikelets green, sometimes purplish,
ovate-oblong, ca. 3.5 mm long, acute; lower glume 1/3 as long as spikelet, ovate-orbicular, 5-veined;
upper glume 3/4-2/3 as long as spikelet, obtuse, oblong, 5-7-veined. Lower lemma narrowly ovate, 5-7-
veined, acute; upper lemma as long as spikelet, shiny, ovate-oblong, acute, distinctly and finely rugose.
MAIOLI: Sungling, Sasaki s. n. NANTOU: Kwankao, Huang 8570. KAOHSIUNG: Sanping, Kuoh 4085.
PINGTUNG: Kenting, Hsu 8139; Ssuchungchi, Hsu 13564.
India, Sri Lanka to China and Japan. Taiwan, in lowland forest.
sclerenchyma 厚壁組織: (trstr)strand trichome-like
chlorenchyma 葉綠組織: (radia)cells radiate and lesser than bundle sheath cell in width
bundle sheath 維管束鞘: (sk)single bundle sheath with conspicuous chloroplast
buliform cells well developed 泡狀細胞發達: (bboth)appear both in adaxial and abaxial side
chlorenchyma cell number between two adjacent veins: 2
chloroplast form in bundle sheath 束鞘細胞內之葉綠體型式: (per)large amount and in peripheral site
mestome sheath 內束鞘細胞: (Xyms -)metaxylem pole adjacent with outer bundle sheath
distance between two adjancent vein 脈間距: 80 micrometer
length/weidth ratio of bundle sheath in LS 束鞘細胞縱面長寬比: 3
chlorenchyma cell shape in LS 葉綠細胞縱面形狀: lobed