Alopecurus fulvus var. amurensis Komar., Fl. Manshur. in Acata Hort. Petrop. 20: 272. 1901.
Alopecurus geniculatus L., Sp. Pl. 60. 1753, Gen. Pl. ed. 5. 1754; Honda, Monogr. Poac. Jap. 204. 1930.
A small annual; culms usually geniculate; ligule membranous, 2-5 mm long. Panicle cylindrical, contracted, up to 6 cm long. Spikelets 1-flowered, elliptical or oblong, 2-2.5 mm long, flattened, falling entirely at maturity; glumes subequal, 2 mm long, keeled, free nearly to base, narrowly oblong, blulnmt, thin and membranous, 3-nerved, with silky hairs on the keels; lemma sa long as or very slightly shorter than the glumes, keeled, broadly elliptical, very blunt, membranous, 5-nerved, smooth, lower half united, awned from the back just below the middle, with awn included in the glumes or very slightly protruding; palea wanting; anthers 1 mm long. Caryopsis enclosed in the lemma, about 1 mm long.
TAIPEI: Yangminshan, Kao 2502, Taipei, Hsu 4334.TAICHUNG: Lishan, Hsu & Kuoh 7104. NANTOU: Hoshe, Huang 2231A. CHIAYI: Mt. Alishan, Chao & Kao 6206.
Distsributed in temperate regions of the world.
midrib 中肋: (no)not conspicuous
leaf surface 表面: (dee)upper surface with deep notch between the veins
sclerenchyma 厚壁組織: (mistr)strand variable with size of vein
chlorenchyma 葉綠組織: (inrad)somewhat radiate and equal or slightly large than bundle sheath cell in width
bundle sheath 維管束鞘: (nke)bundle sheaths without chloroplast
buliform cells well developed 泡狀細胞發達: mainly appear in adaxial side
no small vein under buliform cells泡狀細胞下無小脈: (fanfu)bulliform set fan shaped, cells similar in size
chlorenchyma cell number between two adjacent veins: 8
chloroplast form in bundle sheath 束鞘細胞內之葉綠體型式: (lit)with a little of chloroplast
mestome sheath 內束鞘細胞: (Xyms+)metaxylem pole adjacent with mestome sheath
distance between two adjancent vein 脈間距: 260 micrometer
length/weidth ratio of bundle sheath in LS 束鞘細胞縱面長寬比: 4
chlorenchyma cell shape in LS 葉綠細胞縱面形狀: non -lobed
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