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Taiwan Gramineae | Family List | Poaceae | Phragmites

Phragmites vallatoria (Pluk. ex L.) J.F. Veldkamp

開卡蘆

  • Arundo karka Retz.
  • Arundo vallatoria Pluk. ex L.
  • Phragmites karka (Retz.) Trinex Steud.

    Tall reed. Ligule 0.3 mm long, upper margin fimbriate, blade up to 1 cm wide. Panicle large, dense. Spikelets several-flowered, 12 mm long; glumes lanceolate, chartaceous; the lower 3-4 mm long, 1-nerved, apex rounded, base attenuate; the upper 4-5 mm long, 3-nerved; lemma 5-10 mm long, chartaceous, 3-nerved, lanceolate, glabrous; callus elongated with silky hairs; palea 3 mm long, 2-keeled, margins minutely ciliate, apex truncate.

    TAIPEI: Tachu, Chang 2991 ; Kuanyingshan, Hsu 1154. TAICHUNG: Kukuan, Hsu 453 . NANTOU: Sun Moon Lake, Suzuki s.n. Sept. 18, 1929.. TAINAN: Anping, Hsu 616. KAOHSIUNG: Liukuei, Suzuki s.n. Oct. 31, 1934 . TAITUNG: Ansou, Hsu 1039. HUALIEN: Yuli, Suzuki 5329.

    India, Burma, Malaysia, China, and extening to Australia and Japan.

    leaf surface 表面: (sha)upper surface with shallow notch
    between the veins

    sclerenchyma 厚壁組織: (bIgir)on both sides of some veins
    as I-shaped girder

    chlorenchyma 葉綠組織: (armed)compact armed cells

    bundle sheath 維管束鞘: (nke)bundle sheaths without chloroplast, (nks)bundle sheaths with
    small amount of chloroplast

    buliform cells well developed 泡狀細胞發達: mainly appear in adaxial side

    no small vein under buliform cells泡狀細胞下無小脈: (bcnar)bulliform cell with colorless cells
    beneath it in row

    chlorenchyma cell number between two adjacent veins: 8

    chloroplast form in bundle sheath 束鞘細胞內之葉綠體型式: (lit)with a little of chloroplast

    mestome sheath 內束鞘細胞: (Xyms+)metaxylem pole adjacent with
    mestome sheath

    distance between two adjancent vein 脈間距: 248 micrometer

    length/weidth ratio of bundle sheath in LS 束鞘細胞縱面長寬比: 2


     

    Related Objects  
  • Image/GIF (CC Hsu, 1975 Taiwan Grasses)
  • Image/GIF

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