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Anthony's Keys | Family List | Rosaceae | Cotoneaster

12. Cotoneaster acuminatus Lindley, Trans. Linn. Soc. London. 13: 101. 1821 [‘1822’]. as "acuminata;" Type: "in Nepalia," N. Wallich s.n. [Num. List. no. 664.1] (herb. Banks, K).

Cotoneaster bakeri G. Klotz, Wiss. Zeitschr. Friedrich -Schiller Univ. Jena, Mat.-Naturwiss., 21 (5-6): 970. 1972; Type: S.E. Tibet, Takpo Province, Langong Chu valley (28°51'N. 93°47'E.), 3505 m, 12 Jun 1938, F. Ludlow, G. Sherriff & G. Taylor 5533 (Holotype: BM).

Cotoneaster bisramianus G. Klotz, Wiss. Zeitschr. Friedrich-Schiller-Univ. Jena, Mat. Naturwiss. (Beitr. Phytotax., 3), 21(5–6): 994. 1972; Type: W. Nepal: Gadhibasa, Khaptar, (3000–4000 m), 29 May 1929, Bis Ram 563 (Holotype: DD, isotype: BM).

Cotoneaster kongboensis G. Klotz, Wiss. Zeitschr. Friedrich-Schiller-Univ. Jena, Mat. Naturwiss. (Beitr. Phytotax., 3), 21(5–6): 997. 1972; Type: W. China: Xizang, valley of Lilung Chu (28°54'N. 93°54'E.), 3139–3231 m, 24 May 1938, F. Ludlow, G. Sherriff & G. Taylor 4423 (Holotype: BM), F. Ludlow, G. Sherriff & G. Taylor 3836 (isotype: A).

Cotoneaster mucronatus Franchet, Pl. Delavay. 223. 1889. Type: "Delavay 3738" (P, isotype: A).

Cotoneaster nepalensis André, Ill. Hort. 22: 95. 1875, not Hort. ex K.Koch (1869).

Cotoneaster paradoxus G. Klotz, Wiss. Zeitschr. Friedrich-Schiller-Univ. Jena, Mat. Naturwiss. (Beitr. Phytotax., 5), 27(1): 24. 1978; Type: Nepal, Kolagaon, Barbung Khola, 3100 m, 3 Jun 1952, N. Polunin, V. R. Sykes & L. Williams 1051 (Holotype: BM).

Cotoneaster sanguineus T. T. Yü, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Bot. 1: 130. 1954; Type: S. E. Tibet, Karma valley, 1922, Norton 236; Chickchar, Tsari," 3900 m, 13 Jun 1936, F. Ludlow & G. Sherriff 2157 (isotype: A).

Cotoneaster staintonii G. Klotz, Wiss. Zeitschr. Friedrich -Schiller Univ. Jena, Mat.-Naturwiss., 21(5-6): 971. 1972; Type: E. Nepal, Tamur valley Kambachen, east of Walungchung Gola, 3600 m, 27 Jul 1956, J. D. A. Stainton 1146, fr. (Holotype: BM, isotype: A ex BM).

Cotoneaster stracheyi G. Klotz, Type: Nepal, Bhoté Khasi river, 14 October 1954, A. Zimmermann 1676, cult. Sweden, Bjuv, 28 Jun. 1974, B. Hylmö 1213 (lecto designated GB).

Crataegus acuminatus (Lindley) Desfontaines ex Petzold & Kirchner, Arb. Musca. 303. 1864.

Mespilus acuminatus (Lindley) Loddiges, Bot. Cab. 16: t. 1522. 1829.

Shrubs, deciduous, erect, 2–3(–4) m tall. Branchlets spiralled, grayish brown to brownish, or grayish black when old, terete, initially yellowish strigose, glabrous when old. Petiole 3–7 mm, villous or pilose; stipules partly caducous at fruiting, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, villous; leaf blade shiny, pale to bright green adaxially, lanceolate to ovate or elliptic, (1–)2–6.5(–8) × (0.7–)2–3 cm, papery, veins raised abaxially, impressed adaxially but sometimes plane, both surfaces villous or pilose, more densely so abaxially, glabrescent, base broadly cuneate or rounded, rarely obtuse, apex acuminate or acute, rarely obtuse or rounded, mucronulate. Cymes 1–2 cm, 1(–3)-flowered, sometimes more; rachis and pedicels yellowish villous; bracts lanceolate or linear. Pedicel to 3–5 mm. Flowers (5–)6–8(–10) mm in diam. Hypanthium campanulate, abaxially appressed villous or subglabrous. Sepals triangular, apex acute or obtuse. Petals erect to spreading, white or pink, rarely red, ovate to obovate, (2.5–)3–4(–5) mm and nearly as broad, glabrous, apex obtuse or erose. Stamens (10 or)20, shorter than petals; anthers white, sometimes purple. Styles 2, not exceeding stamens. Fruit red, bright red, or scarlet, ellipsoid or subglobose, 8–10 × 7–8 mm; nutlets (1 or)2(or 3). Fl. (Apr–)May–Jul(–Aug), fr. (Aug–)Sep–Oct. 2n = 34, 68.

Mixed forests, thickets, fields, open sunny places, slopes, gullies; [1500–]2500–3700(–4200) m. Bhutan, W. China (Sichuan, Xizang/Tibet, Yunnan), N. India (incl. Sikkim), Kashmir, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan.

Specimens examined at A: Nepal: Cent.: Bagmati Zone, Kathmandu Distr., Shiwapuri Mt (2550 m), 27°45'N. 85°20'E., 24 Aug 1990, M. Minaki, C. Yonebayashi, F. Miyamoto, H. Takayama, H. Sugita, H. Yagi, M. N. Subedi & H. Ikeda 9040350; Cent: Gandaki Zone, Gorkha Distr., Syallagaon (3335 m), 28°33'N. 84°39'E., 7 Aug 1994, M. Suzuki, N. Acharya, N. Fujii et al. 9460251; Cent.: Gandaki Zone, Manang Distr., 2860 m, 28°38'N. 84°28'E., 12 Aug 1994, M. Suzuki, N. Acharya, N. Fujii et al. 9480132; Cent.: Dhawalagiri Zone, Mustang Distr., 2450 m, 28°42'N. 83°39'E., 25 Aug 1994, M. Mikage, N. Fujii, T. Kajita, et al. 9480216; East: Koshi Zone, Sankhuwa Sabha Distr., 2650 m, 27°10'N. 87°30'E., 15 Jul 1991, H. Ohba, H. Ikeda, T. Kikuchi et al. 9154060; East: Sagarmatha Zone, Solukhumbu Distr., 27°37'N. 86°36'E., 3 Sep 1985, H. Ohba, M. Wakabayashi, M. Suzuki, N. Kurosaki, K.R. Rajabhandari & S. K. Wu 8572253; Nepal: Ghar Khola, 28°25'N. 83°40'E., 2743 m, 22 May 1954, J. D. A. Stainton, V. R. Sykes & L. Williams 5408; Nepal: Chhukgaon, north of Tukucha, 3048 m, 17 Aug 1954, J. D. A. Stainton, V. R. Sykes & L. Williams 7346.

Cotoneaster sanguineus is treated here as synonymous with this taxon, differing only in having red petals and small leaves (at the low end of the range of leaf size but comparable, e.g., Delavay 3738).

stem: posture: erect

plant: height: 200-400 cm tall

stem: branchlet: color: black, brown, gray

stem: branchlet: indumentum: type: glabrescent, glabrous, strigose

leaf: petiole: length: 3-7 mm

leaf: blade: shape: elliptic, lanceolate, ovate

leaf: blade: length: 1-8 cm long

leaf: blade: width: 0.7-3 cm wide

leaf: blade: length: width ratio: 1-2.7

leaf: texture: papery

leaf: blade: abaxial surface: indumentum type: glabrescent, pilose, villous

leaf: blade: adaxial surface: indumentum type: glabrescent, pilose, villous

leaf: blade: base: cuneate, rounded

leaf: blade: apex: acuminate, acute, mucronulate, obtuse, rounded

inflorescence: type: cyme, fascicled flowers, solitary flowers

petal: color: pink

inflorescence: flowers: number: 1-3

petal: posture: erect

pedicel: length: 3-5 mm

hypanthium: indumentum: type: glabrous, villous

stamens: number: 10-20

anthers: color: purple, white

fruit: color: bright, red, scarlet

fruit: shape: ellipsoid, globose

fruit: diam.: 7-8 mm

nutlets: number: 1-3

flowering: Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug

fruiting: Aug, Sep, Oct

distribution: elevation: 1500-4200 m


 

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