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Anthony's Keys | Family List | Rosaceae | Cotoneaster

2. Cotoneaster affinis Lindley, Trans. Linn. Soc. London. 13: 101. 1821 ['1822']. Type: "Chittagong," Buchanan-Hamilton s.n. (Holotype: BM).

Cotoneaster affinis Lindley var. bacillaris (Wallich ex Lindley) C. K. Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubh. 1: 757. 1906.

Cotoneaster affinis Lindley f. bacillaris (Wallich ex Lindley) Samjatnin in Bäume und Sträucher der UdSSR 3: 365. 1954.

Cotoneaster affinis Lindley var. bacillaris f. obtusus (Wallich ex Lindley) C. K. Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubh. 1: 757. 1906, as "obtusa."

Cotoneaster bacillaris Wallich ex Lindley, Bot. Reg. 15: sub t. 1229. 1829; Type: Hab. in Kumaon, Wallich s.n. [Num. List no. 660]: (Holotype: K-W).

Cotoneaster bacillaris Lindley var. affinis (Lindley) J. D. Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 2(5): 385. 1878.

Cotoneaster confusus G. Klotz ex A. Kumar & Panigrahi, Bull. Bot. Surv. India 31(1–4): 108 (1989 publ. 1992); Type: Simla, 2290 m, May. W. P. D. Schlich s.n. (Holotype: CAL).

Cotoneaster frigidus Lindley var. affinis (Lindley) Wenzig, Linnaea 38: 194. 1874.

Cotoneaster hedegaardii J. Fryer & B. Hylmö, Cotoneasters 312. 2009. Type: cult. Sweden, Bjuv, raised from seed from Nepal, Phulchoki, 15 November 1974, Johannes Hedegaard 415, B. Hylmö 1446 (Holotype: C).

Cotoneaster ignotus Klotz, Wiss. Zeitschr. Friedrich-Schiller Univ. Jena, Mat.-Naturwiss. (Beitr. Phytotax., 2), 19(3): 339. 1970. (Type: E. Nepal, Kali Valley near Kawa, 28 Jul. 1883, Duthie 5528 (BM)).

Cotoneaster obovatus Wallich ex Dunn, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1921, 119. 1921. (Type Wall. 655 K-W; Chandagiry = Kandrang Garhi, nr. Kathmandu 27 43 n 84 47 e).

Cotoneaster obtusus Wallich ex Lindley, Bot. Reg. 15: sub t. 1229. 1829.

Cotoneaster virgatus G. Klotz, Wiss. Zeitschr. Friedrich-Schiller-Univ. Jena, Mat. Naturwiss. (Beitr. Phytotax., 5), 27(1): 22. 1978, not Lindley 1822; Type: W. Nepal: Rara, north of Jumla, 29°34'N. 82°4'E., 3202 m, 11 Jun 1966, J. D. A. Stainton 5426 (Holotype: BM).

Cotoneaster wattii G. Klotz, Wiss. Zeitschr. Friedrich -Schiller-Univ. Jena, Mat. Naturwiss. (Beitr. Phytotax., 2), 19(3): 342 (1970); Type: India: Himachal Pradesh, Simla, prope Nagkank, in Baggi Forest, May 1884, G. Watt 8073 (Holotype: DD).

Mespilus affinis (Lindley) D. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 238. 1825.

Shrubs, deciduous, to 5(–8) m tall, with spreading branches. Branchlets dark reddish brown, terete. Petiole 4–5(–11) mm, densely yellow tomentose; stipules linear or lanceolate, tomentulose; leaf blade dark green and dull to shiny adaxially, broadly ovate or elliptic-ovate to obovate, 2.5–5(–10) × 1.4–2(–6) cm, papery, midvein raised abaxially and impressed adaxially, abaxially densely yellow tomentose, gradually glabrescent, adaxially glabrous or puberulous only along midvein, base broadly cuneate, rounded, or obtuse, apex obtuse or acute, sometimes truncate, rounded, or apiculate. Compound corymbs (2.5–)3–4 cm in diam., densely (3–)15–30-flowered or more; rachis and pedicels densely yellow tomentose; bracts linear-lanceolate. Pedicel 2–3(–5) mm. Flowers ca. 1 cm in diam. Hypanthium campanulate, abaxially tomentose. Sepals broadly triangular, apex acute. Petals spreading, white, suborbicular or ovate, (2.5–)3–4 mm, adaxially pubescent near base, apex obtuse. Stamens 20, shorter than sepals; anthers white or pink to purple. Styles 2, not exceeding stamens. Fruit purplish brown to dark violet or black, ovoid to globose, 6–8(–10) mm in diam.; nutlets (1 or)2. Fl. Apr–Jun, fr. [Jun–]Sep–Oct[–Nov]. 2n = 51, 68.

Slopes, mixed forests, thickets of river valleys, among shrubs on open ground; [1100–]2200–3000[–3900] m. Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, W. China (S.W. Sichuan, S. & S.E. Xizang/Tibet, Yunnan), India (incl. Sikkim), Kashmir, Nepal, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan.

Specimens examined at A: Nepal: Ghara, Kali Gandaki Valley, 2286 m, 31 May 1954, J. D. A. Stainton, V. R. Sykes & L. Williams 5500; Cent. Nepal: Dhawalagiri Zone, Mustang Distr., 2440 m, 28°42'N. 83°39'E., 25 Aug 1994, M. Mikage, N. Fujii, T. Kajita, et al. 9480217; Nepal: Karkhan, Khata Dara, 2134 m, 24 Apr 1952, N. Polunin, V. R. Sykes & L. Williams 835; West: Khaplar Forest, 7 Jun 1929, Bis Ram 549.

The wood is used for making walking sticks and tent pegs.

Further research is needed on the distributional range of this taxon.

plant: height: 50-800 cm tall

stem: branchlet: color: brown, dark, red

leaf: petiole: length: 4-11 mm

leaf: blade: shape: elliptic, obovate, ovate

leaf: blade: length: 2.5-10 cm long

leaf: blade: width: 1.4-6 cm wide

leaf: blade: length: width ratio: 1.7-2.5

leaf: texture: papery

leaf: blade: abaxial surface: indumentum type: glabrescent, tomentose

leaf: blade: adaxial surface: indumentum type: glabrous, puberulous

leaf: blade: base: cuneate, obtuse, rounded

leaf: blade: apex: acute, apiculate, obtuse, rounded, truncate

inflorescence: type: compound, corymb

petal: color: white

inflorescence: flowers: number: 3-30

petal: posture: spreading

pedicel: length: 2-5 mm

hypanthium: indumentum: type: tomentose

stamens: number: 20

anthers: color: pink, purple, white

fruit: color: black, brown, dark, purple

fruit: shape: globose, ovoid

fruit: diam.: 6-8 mm

nutlets: number: 1-2

flowering: Apr, May, Jun

fruiting: Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov

distribution: elevation: 1100-3900 m


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