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Anthony's Keys | Family List | Rosaceae | Cotoneaster

9. Cotoneaster nitidus Jacques, J. Soc. Imp. Centr. Hortic. 5: 516. 1859.

Cotoneaster cavei G. Klotz, Bull. Bot. Surv. India 5: 213. 1964. Type: "Sikkim-Himalaya, Prope, Kalapokhri, in rupestribus," 3200 m, 28 May 1963, G. Klotz s.n. (Holotype: CAL).

Cotoneaster cordifolius G. Klotz, Bull Bot. Surv. India 5: 212. 1964.

Cotoneaster distichus Lange, Bot. Tidssk. 13: 19. 1882.

Cotoneaster distichus Lange var. parvifolius T. T. Yü, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Bot. 1: 129. 1954. Type: "Kingdon-Ward 6788 (Holo-K): Burma: Seinghku Wang, 2700-3000 m".

Cotoneaster encavei J. Fryer & B. Hylmö, Cotoneasters 311. 2009. Type: Nepal: Mt. Kanchenjunga, Guphar, Pokhari, 5 October 1989, Kew/Edinburgh Kanchenjunga Exped., KEKE 1239 (Holotype: E).

Cotoneaster milkedandaensis J. Fryer & B. Hylmö, Cotoneasters 314. 2009.

Cotoneaster nitidus Jacques subsp. cavei (G. Klotz) H. Ohashi, Fl. E. Himalaya 1: 120. 1966.

Cotoneaster nitidus Jacques var. parvifolius (T. T. Yü) T. T. Yü, Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 36: 167. 1974. Type: "Kingdon-Ward 6788 (Holo-K): Burma: Seinghku Wang, 2700-3000 m".

Cotoneaster nitidus Jacques subsp. taylorii (T. T. Yu) H. Ohashi, Fl. E. Himalaya 1: 120. 1966.

Cotoneaster rupestris Charlton, Gard. Chron., n.s., 18: 598. 1882.

Cotoneaster taylorii T. T. Yü, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Bot. 1: 129, pl. 3. 1954. Type: "S.E. Tibet, Takpo, Kongbo Naga La, Tsangpo valley," 3750 m, 13 May 1938, Ludlow, Sherriff & Taylor 4246 (Holotype: BM).

Shrubs, deciduous or semi-evergreen, erect, to 2.5 m tall. Branchlets ± distichous, grayish brown when old, terete, initially densely yellow strigose, gradually glabrescent. Petiole 1–3 mm, villous; stipules persistent, lanceolate, pilose; leaf blade dark green adaxially, broadly ovate or broadly obovate, (0.4–)0.8–1.5(–2.5) × (0.5–)0.7–1.3(–1.8) cm, subleathery or thickly papery, midvein raised abaxially, impressed adaxially, both surfaces appressed villous, more densely so adaxially, base rounded or broadly cuneate, apex acute and mucronate, rarely obtuse. Inflorescences 2–6-flowered. Pedicel 1–2(–5) mm. Flowers 5–7 mm in diam. Hypanthium campanulate, abaxially glabrous. Sepals broadly triangular, apex ± acute or obtuse. Petals erect, white or stained reddish, ovate or suborbicular, 3–4 mm in diam., apex obtuse. Stamens (10 or)20, shorter than petals; anthers white. Styles (2 or)3(or 4), not exceeding stamens. Fruit red or scarlet, broadly obovoid, 7–8 mm in diam., shortly puberulous; nutlets (2 or)3(or 4). Fl. Jun–Jul, fr. Sep–Oct. 2n = 68.

Thickets, forests, grassy slopes, mountain regions and valleys; [1600–]2500–2600[–4000] m. Bhutan, China (Sichuan, Xizang/Tibet, Yunnan), N.E. India (incl. Sikkim), N. Myanmar, Nepal.

Specimens examined at A: East: Batasay-Halhale Bhanjang-Bhuspate Danr., 1 Dec 1963, H. Hara, H. Kanai, S. Kurosawa, G. Murata, M. Togashi, T. Tuyama 6301797; Nepal: en route from Chijung Khola to Jongbuk, Sankhuwasabha Distr., 2670–2950 m, 10 Jul 1978, H. Tabata, K. R. Rajbhandari, Y. Shimizu 11336.

stem: posture: erect

plant: height: 10-250 cm tall

stem: branchlet: color: brown, gray

stem: branchlet: indumentum: type: glabrescent, strigose

leaf: petiole: length: 1-3 mm

leaf: blade: shape: obovate, ovate

leaf: blade: length: 0.4-2.5 cm long

leaf: blade: width: 0.5-1.8 cm wide

leaf: blade: length: width ratio: 0.8-1.4

leaf: texture: leathery, papery

leaf: blade: abaxial surface: indumentum type: villous

leaf: blade: adaxial surface: indumentum type: villous

leaf: blade: base: cuneate, rounded

leaf: blade: apex: acute, mucronate

inflorescence: type: cyme, fascicled flowers

petal: color: red, white

inflorescence: flowers: number: 2-6

petal: posture: erect

pedicel: length: 1-5 mm

hypanthium: indumentum: type: glabrous

stamens: number: 10-20

anthers: color: white

fruit: color: red, scarlet

fruit: shape: obovoid

fruit: diam.: 7-8 mm

nutlets: number: 2-4

flowering: Jun, Jul

fruiting: Sep, Oct

distribution: elevation: 1600-4000 m


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