10. Cotoneaster symondsii Th. Moore, Proc. Hort. Soc. London. 1: 298. 1861.
Cotoneaster simonsii Hort. ex Baker in Saunders, Refug. Bot. 1: t. 55, 1869. Type locality: India (Sikkim); (t. 55 in Baker was drawn from plants grown from seed collected from there; not "A native of Khasia").
Shrubs, deciduous or semi-evergreen, erect, 1–4(–5) m tall. Branchlets divaricate, spiralled, erect to spreading, terete, initially strigose-tomentose, late glabrescent. Leaves pale green abaxially, deep green adaxially; petiole 1–3 mm, strigose-pilose; leaf blade pale to dark green, broadly elliptic or rhombic-elliptic to suborbicular, rarely obovate-elliptic, 0.9–2.5(–3.5) × 0.5–1.7(–2) cm, papery to subleathery, midvein raised abaxially, impressed adaxially, abaxially strigose-pilose, adaxially sparsely strigose-pilose or subglabrous, base obtuse or broadly cuneate, apex acute, rarely obtuse or shortly acuminate, mucronate. Inflorescence 2–6-flowered. Hypanthium strigose-villous. Sepals densely villous at margin, apex acuminate. Petals erect, red. Stamens 15–20; anthers white. Fruit bright scarlet, obovoid-ellipsoid or turbinate, 8–9.5 mm, ca. 6 mm in diam.; nutlets 3 or 4. Fl. May–Jul, fr. Oct. 2n = 68.
In shrubby areas, river valleys. W. Bhutan, E. and N. India (incl. Sikkim), Myanmar, Nepal. Introduced and naturalized in the U.K.
Specimen examined at A: East: Janakpur Zone, Ramecchap Distr., around Neju, 3651 m, 27°44'N. 86°31'E., 1 Aug 1985, H. Ohba, T. Kikuchi, M. Wakabayashi et al. 8570971.
stem: posture: erect
plant: height: 100-500 cm tall
stem: branchlet: indumentum: type: glabrescent, strigose, tomentose
leaf: petiole: length: 1-3 mm
leaf: blade: shape: elliptic, obovate, orbicular, rhombic
leaf: blade: length: 0.9-3.5 cm long
leaf: blade: width: 0.5-2 cm wide
leaf: blade: length: width ratio: 1.4-1.8
leaf: texture: leathery, papery
leaf: blade: abaxial surface: indumentum type: glabrous, pilose, strigose
leaf: blade: adaxial surface: indumentum type: glabrous, pilose, strigose
leaf: blade: base: cuneate, obtuse
leaf: blade: apex: acute, mucronate
inflorescence: type: cyme, fascicled flowers, solitary flowers
petal: color: red
inflorescence: flowers: number: 2-6
petal: posture: erect
hypanthium: indumentum: type: strigose, villous
stamens: number: 15-20
anthers: color: white
fruit: color: bright, scarlet
fruit: shape: ellipsoid, obovoid, turbinate
fruit: diam.: 6 mm
nutlets: number: 3-4
flowering: May, Jun, Jul