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Monocot Families | Family List

Alliaceae J. Agardh

Habit: Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Perennials

Roots: Rhizomes, Bulbs, Corms, Roots contractile, Sap clear

Stems: contracted, rounded, solid

Leaves: Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath closed, Leaves - simple, Leaves - basal (rosette), Leaves - alternate, Leaves - 2-ranked (distichous), Leaves - spiral, Leaves - linear or filiform (grass-like), Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - ligulate, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire, Leaves with sulfurous onion smell

Inflorescence: terminal, bracteate, scapose, umbels, bracts brown membraneous, Flowers pedicellate

Flowers: Flowers bisexual, Perianth present, Flowers small, Flowers large and showy, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers actinomorphic

Sepals/Tepals: Tepals 6 (Sepals indistinguishable from petals)

Petals/Tepals: Petals 6, Petals united into tube, Petals basally united, Petals mostly separate, Petals white (to pinkish), Petals yellow, Petals blue to purple, Petals orange to red, Corona present

Stamens: Stamens 6 (3+3)

Pistil: Carpels united, Carpels 3, Ovary superior, Styles 1, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 3, Placentation axile, Bulbils present in flowers

Fruit: Fruit - capsule

Seeds: Seeds - few (2-10) per locule, Seeds - numerous per locule, Seeds - lacking tuft of hair, Seeds - surface +/- smooth, Seeds - round or ellipsoid, Seeds - angulate, Seeds - elaiosome, Seeds - black (phytomelan)


 

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