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Monocot Families | Family List

Bromeliaceae A. L. Jussieu

Habit: Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Epiphytes, Perennials

Roots: Rhizomes, Stolons or runners, Roots aerial (adventitious), Sap clear

Stems: elongate, contracted, rounded, solid

Leaves: Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath open, Leaves - simple, Leaves - basal (rosette), Leaves - alternate, Leaves - ensiform (sword-shaped), Leaves - 2-ranked (distichous), Leaves - spiral, Leaves - linear or filiform (grass-like), Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - dense and fibrous, Leaves - succulent, Leaves - surface with peltate scales, Leaves - margins entire, Leaves - margins and tip spiny, Leaves - margins serrate

Inflorescence: terminal, bracteate, racemes, spikes, panicles, bracts brightly colored, Flowers pedicellate

Flowers: Flowers bisexual, Perianth present, Flowers large and showy, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers actinomorphic, Flowers zygomorphic, Floral bracteoles present

Sepals/Tepals: Sepals distinguishable from petals, Sepals green, Sepals colored (not green), Sepals separate

Petals/Tepals: Petals 3, Petals basally united, Petals mostly separate, Petals yellow, Petals blue to purple, Petals orange to red

Stamens: Stamens 6 (3+3)

Pistil: Carpels united, Carpels 3, Ovary superior, Ovary inferior, Styles 1, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 3, Placentation axile

Fruit: Fruit - capsule, Fruit - berry, Fruit - multiple

Seeds: Seeds - numerous per locule, Seeds - with tuft of hair, Seeds - lacking tuft of hair, Seeds - keeled or winged, Seeds - surface +/- smooth, Seeds - round or ellipsoid


 

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