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Monocot Families | Family List

Costaceae (Meisner) Nakai

Habit: Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Trees or shrubs, Perennials

Roots: Rhizomes, Tubers, Sap clear

Stems: elongate, contracted, rounded, solid

Leaves: Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath closed, Leaves - simple, Leaves - cauline, Leaves - alternate, Leaves - spiral, Leaves - blade broad, Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - ligulate, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire

Inflorescence: terminal, bracteate, spikes, heads, conelike, Flowers sessile

Flowers: Flowers bisexual, Perianth present, Flowers large and showy, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers zygomorphic, Floral bracteoles present

Sepals/Tepals: Sepals distinguishable from petals, Sepals green, Sepals united

Petals/Tepals: Petals 3, Petals basally united, Petals mostly separate, Petals white (to pinkish), Petals yellow, Petals orange to red

Stamens: Stamens 1, Staminodes present, Stamens petaloid

Pistil: Carpels united, Carpels 3, Ovary inferior, Styles 1, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 3, Placentation axile

Fruit: Fruit - capsule

Seeds: Seeds - numerous per locule, Seeds - lacking tuft of hair, Seeds - surface +/- smooth, Seeds - round or ellipsoid, Seeds - angulate, Seeds - arillate


 

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