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Monocot Families | Family List

Melanthiaceae Batsch

Habit: Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Perennials

Roots: Rhizomes, Bulbs, Corms, Sap clear

Stems: elongate, contracted, rounded, solid

Leaves: Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath open, Leaves - simple, Leaves - cauline, Leaves - basal (rosette), Leaves - alternate, Leaves - whorled, Leaves - 2-ranked (distichous), Leaves - spiral, Leaves - linear or filiform (grass-like), Leaves - blade broad, Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - venetion palmate, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire

Inflorescence: terminal, bracteate, flowers solitary, racemes, spikes, panicles, umbels, Flowers pedicellate

Flowers: Flowers unisexual, Plants dioecious, Plants monoecious, Flowers bisexual, Perianth present, Flowers minute barely visible, Flowers small, Flowers large and showy, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers actinomorphic, Floral bracteoles present

Sepals/Tepals: Tepals 6 (Sepals indistinguishable from petals), Sepals distinguishable from petals, Sepals green, Sepals separate, Sepals united

Petals/Tepals: Petals 3, Petals 6, Petals united into tube, Petals mostly separate, Petals white (to pinkish), Petals yellow, Petals greenish, Petals brownish

Stamens: Stamens 6 (3+3)

Pistil: Carpels separate (apocarpous), Carpels united, Carpels partially united, Carpels 3, Ovary superior, Ovary inferior, Styles 3 or 3-branched, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 3, Placentation axile

Fruit: Fruit - capsule, Fruit - berry

Seeds: Seeds - few (2-10) per locule, Seeds - numerous per locule, Seeds - lacking tuft of hair, Seeds - keeled or winged, Seeds - surface +/- smooth, Seeds - surface rough or ribbed, Seeds - round or ellipsoid, Seeds - angulate, Seeds - compressed or flattened


 

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