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Monocot Families | Family List

Smilacaceae Ventenat

Habit: Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Woody, Lianas or vines, Annuals, Perennials

Roots: Rhizomes, Sap clear

Stems: elongate, rounded, solid, spiny

Leaves: Leaves - petiolate, Leaves - simple, Leaves - cauline, Leaves - alternate, Leaves - opposite, Leaves - whorled, Leaves - 2-ranked (distichous), Leaves - blade broad, Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - venetion reticulate, Leaves - dense and fibrous, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire, Leaves - tip tendril

Inflorescence: terminal, lateral or axillary, bracteate, racemes, umbels, Flowers pedicellate

Flowers: Flowers unisexual, Plants dioecious, Perianth present, Flowers small, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers actinomorphic, Floral bracteoles present

Sepals/Tepals: Tepals 6 (Sepals indistinguishable from petals)

Petals/Tepals: Petals 6, Petals mostly separate, Petals white (to pinkish), Petals yellow, Petals greenish

Stamens: Stamens 6 (3+3), Staminodes present

Pistil: Carpels united, Carpels 3, Ovary superior, Styles 1, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 3, Placentation axile, Placentation basal (or apical)

Fruit: Fruit - berry, Fruit 1-seeded

Seeds: Seeds - single per locule, Seeds - few (2-10) per locule, Seeds - surface +/- smooth, Seeds - surface rough or ribbed, Seeds - angulate


 

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