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Monocot Families | Family List

Typhaceae A. L. Jussieu

Habit: Aquatics growing in or on water, Aquatic emergent, Aquatic leaves floating, Aquatic fresh water, Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Perennials

Roots: Rhizomes, Sap clear

Stems: elongate, rounded, solid, aerenchyma

Leaves: Leaves - petiolate, Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath open, Leaves - sheath closed, Leaves - simple, Leaves - cauline, Leaves - alternate, Leaves - 2-ranked (distichous), Leaves - linear or filiform (grass-like), Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire

Inflorescence: terminal, racemes, spikes, heads, Flowers sessile

Flowers: Flowers unisexual, Plants monoecious, Perianth present, Perianth reduced to bristles or scales, Flowers minute barely visible, Flowers small, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers actinomorphic

Sepals/Tepals: Tepals 6 (Sepals indistinguishable from petals), Sepals chaffy, Sepals separate

Petals/Tepals: Petals 6, Petals mostly separate

Stamens: Stamens 1, Stamens 2, Stamens 3, Stamens 4 (2+2), Stamens 5, Stamens 6 (3+3)

Pistil: Carpels united, Carpels 3, Ovary superior, Ovary on gynophore, Styles 1, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 1, Placentation basal (or apical)

Fruit: Fruit - achene (nutlet), Fruit - follicle, Fruit - drupe, Fruit 1-seeded

Seeds: Seeds - single per locule, Seeds - lacking tuft of hair, Seeds - surface +/- smooth, Seeds - round or ellipsoid


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