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Monocot Plants | Family List

Alismataceae Ventenat

Habit
Aquatics growing in or on water, Aquatic submerged, Aquatic emergent, Aquatic leaves floating, Aquatic fresh water, Herbaceous, Annuals, Perennials

Roots
Rhizomes, Corms, Tubers, Stolons or runners, Sap milky

Stems
elongate, rounded, solid, aerenchyma

Leaves
Leaves - petiolate, Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath open, Leaves - simple, Leaves - basal (rosette), Leaves - alternate, Leaves - spiral, Leaves - blade broad, Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - venetion palmate, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire

Inflorescence
terminal, bracteate, scapose, racemes, panicles, umbels, verticellate in whorls, bracts brown membraneous, Flowers pedicellate

Flowers
Flowers unisexual, Plants dioecious, Plants monoecious, Flowers bisexual, Perianth present, Flowers small, Flowers large and showy, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers actinomorphic, Floral bracteoles present

Sepals/Tepals
Sepals distinguishable from petals, Sepals green, Sepals separate

Petals/Tepals
Petals 3, Petals mostly separate, Petals white (to pinkish)

Stamens
Stamens 3, Stamens 6 (3+3), Stamens numerous

Pistil
Carpels separate (apocarpous), Carpels many, Ovary superior, Styles 1, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 1, Placentation basal (or apical)

Fruit
Fruit - achene (nutlet), Fruit - follicle, Fruit 1-seeded

Seeds
Seeds - single per locule, Seeds - lacking tuft of hair, Seeds - keeled or winged, Seeds - surface rough or ribbed, Seeds U-shaped


 

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