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Monocot Plants | Family List

Alliaceae J. Agardh

Habit
Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Perennials

Roots
Rhizomes, Bulbs, Corms, Roots contractile, Sap clear

Stems
contracted, rounded, solid

Leaves
Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath closed, Leaves - simple, Leaves - basal (rosette), Leaves - alternate, Leaves - 2-ranked (distichous), Leaves - spiral, Leaves - linear or filiform (grass-like), Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - ligulate, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire, Leaves with sulfurous onion smell

Inflorescence
terminal, bracteate, scapose, umbels, bracts brown membraneous, Flowers pedicellate

Flowers
Flowers bisexual, Perianth present, Flowers small, Flowers large and showy, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers actinomorphic

Sepals/Tepals
Tepals 6 (Sepals indistinguishable from petals)

Petals/Tepals
Petals 6, Petals united into tube, Petals basally united, Petals mostly separate, Petals white (to pinkish), Petals yellow, Petals blue to purple, Petals orange to red, Corona present

Stamens
Stamens 6 (3+3)

Pistil
Carpels united, Carpels 3, Ovary superior, Styles 1, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 3, Placentation axile, Bulbils present in flowers

Fruit
Fruit - capsule

Seeds
Seeds - few (2-10) per locule, Seeds - numerous per locule, Seeds - lacking tuft of hair, Seeds - surface +/- smooth, Seeds - round or ellipsoid, Seeds - angulate, Seeds - elaiosome, Seeds - black (phytomelan)


 

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