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Monocot Plants | Family List

Amaryllidaceae Jaume Saint Hilaire

Habit
Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Pseudostem from leaf bases, Perennials

Roots
Bulbs, Roots contractile, Sap clear

Stems
contracted, rounded, solid

Leaves
Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath open, Leaves - sheath closed, Leaves - simple, Leaves - basal (rosette), Leaves - alternate, Leaves - ensiform (sword-shaped), Leaves - 2-ranked (distichous), Leaves - spiral, Leaves - linear or filiform (grass-like), Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - soft, Leaves - succulent, Leaves - margins entire

Inflorescence
terminal, scapose, flowers solitary, umbels, bracts brown membraneous, Flowers pedicellate

Flowers
Flowers bisexual, Perianth present, Flowers large and showy, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers actinomorphic, Flowers zygomorphic, Floral bracteoles present

Sepals/Tepals
Tepals 6 (Sepals indistinguishable from petals)

Petals/Tepals
Petals 6, Petals united into tube, Petals basally united, Petals white (to pinkish), Petals yellow, Petals orange to red, Corona present

Stamens
Stamens 6 (3+3)

Pistil
Carpels united, Carpels 3, Ovary inferior, Styles 1, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 3, Placentation axile

Fruit
Fruit - capsule, Fruit - berry

Seeds
Seeds - few (2-10) per locule, Seeds - numerous per locule, Seeds - lacking tuft of hair, Seeds - surface +/- smooth, Seeds - round or ellipsoid, Seeds - angulate, Seeds - compressed or flattened, Seeds - elaiosome, Seeds - black (phytomelan)


 

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