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Monocot Plants | Family List

Araceae Juss.

Habit
Aquatics growing in or on water, Aquatic emergent, Aquatic leaves floating, Aquatic fresh water, Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Trees or shrubs, Lianas or vines, Epiphytes, Perennials

Roots
Rhizomes, Roots aerial (adventitious), Roots velamen, Sap clear, Sap milky

Stems
elongate, contracted, rounded, solid

Leaves
Leaves - petiolate, Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath open, Leaves - simple, Leaves - compound, Leaves - cauline, Leaves - basal (rosette), Leaves - alternate, Leaves - spiral, Leaves - blade broad, Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - venetion pinnate-parallel, Leaves - venetion palmate, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire

Inflorescence
terminal, bracteate, scapose, spikes, fleshy spadix, subtended by large spathe (leaf-like bract), bracts brightly colored, Flowers sessile

Flowers
Flowers unisexual, Plants dioecious, Plants monoecious, Flowers bisexual, Perianth absent, Flowers minute barely visible, Flowers 2 merous, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers actinomorphic

Stamens
Stamens 1, Stamens 2, Stamens 3, Stamens 4 (2+2), Stamens 5, Stamens 6 (3+3)

Pistil
Carpels united, Carpels 2, Carpels 3, Ovary superior, Ovary inferior, Styles 1, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 1, Placentation basal (or apical)

Fruit
Fruit - berry

Seeds
Seeds - single per locule, Seeds - few (2-10) per locule, Seeds - numerous per locule, Seeds - surface +/- smooth, Seeds - round or ellipsoid


 

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