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Monocot Plants | Family List

Arecaceae Schultz Schultzenstein

Habit
Terrestrial, Woody, Trees or shrubs, Perennials

Roots
Prop roots, Roots aerial (adventitious), Sap clear

Stems
elongate, contracted, rounded, solid, spiny

Leaves
Leaves - petiolate, Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath open, Leaves - sheath closed, Leaves - simple, Leaves - cauline, Leaves - basal (rosette), Leaves - alternate, Leaves - spiral, Leaves - blade broad, Leaves - blades plicate, Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - venetion pinnate-parallel, Leaves - venetion palmate, Leaves - ligulate, Leaves - dense and fibrous, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire, Leaves - margins serrate

Inflorescence
lateral or axillary, bracteate, racemes, spikes, panicles, heads, subtended by large spathe (leaf-like bract), Flowers sessile, Flowers pedicellate

Flowers
Flowers unisexual, Plants dioecious, Plants monoecious, Flowers bisexual, Perianth present, Flowers small, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers actinomorphic, Floral bracteoles present

Sepals/Tepals
Tepals 6 (Sepals indistinguishable from petals), Sepals colored (not green)

Petals/Tepals
Petals 6, Petals united into tube, Petals basally united, Petals mostly separate, Petals white (to pinkish), Petals yellow, Petals greenish

Stamens
Stamens 6 (3+3)

Pistil
Carpels separate (apocarpous), Carpels united, Carpels partially united, Carpels 3, Ovary superior, Styles 1, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 3, Placentation basal (or apical)

Fruit
Fruit - berry, Fruit - drupe

Seeds
Seeds - single per locule, Seeds - lacking tuft of hair, Seeds - round or ellipsoid


 

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