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Monocot Plants | Family List

Commelinaceae R. Brown

Habit
Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Annuals, Perennials

Roots
Tubers, Sap clear

Stems
elongate, rounded, solid, nodes swollen or brittle

Leaves
Leaves - petiolate, Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath closed, Leaves - simple, Leaves - cauline, Leaves - basal (rosette), Leaves - alternate, Leaves - 2-ranked (distichous), Leaves - spiral, Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - soft, Leaves - succulent, Leaves - margins entire

Inflorescence
terminal, lateral or axillary, bracteate, cymes, subtended by large spathe (leaf-like bract), bracts brightly colored, enclosed by distichous boat-shaped bracts, Flowers pedicellate

Flowers
Flowers bisexual, Perianth present, Flowers small, Flowers large and showy, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers actinomorphic, Flowers zygomorphic, Floral bracteoles present

Sepals/Tepals
Sepals distinguishable from petals, Sepals green, Sepals separate

Petals/Tepals
Petals 3, Petals mostly separate, Petals clawed, Petals deliquescent, Petals white (to pinkish), Petals blue to purple

Stamens
Stamens 3, Stamens 6 (3+3), Stamen filaments hairy, Stamens unequal in length, Staminodes present

Pistil
Carpels united, Carpels 3, Ovary superior, Ovary on gynophore, Styles 1, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 3, Placentation axile

Fruit
Fruit - capsule

Seeds
Seeds - single per locule, Seeds - few (2-10) per locule, Seeds - keeled or winged, Seeds - with embryostega, Seeds - surface rough or ribbed, Seeds - round or ellipsoid, Seeds - angulate, Seeds - arillate


 

Related Objects  

Chinese Plant Names  
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    Flora of China  
  • PDF File
  • PDF
    Interactive Keys by Xiangying Wen  
  • Belosynapsis kawakamii (Digital Flora of Taiwan)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Commelina communis (Digital Flora of Taiwan)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Commelina communis (Digital Flora of Taiwan)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Commelina diffusa (Digital Flora of Taiwan)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Commelina diffusa (Digital Flora of Taiwan)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Cyanotis arachnoidea (Digital Flora of Taiwan)
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  • Cyanotis axillaris (Digital Flora of Taiwan)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Cyanotis villosa (Xiangying Wen)
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  • Tradescantia pallida (Xiangying Wen)
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  • Tradescantia sp. (Xiangying Wen)
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