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Monocot Plants | Family List

Costaceae (Meisner) Nakai

Habit
Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Trees or shrubs, Perennials

Roots
Rhizomes, Tubers, Sap clear

Stems
elongate, contracted, rounded, solid

Leaves
Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath closed, Leaves - simple, Leaves - cauline, Leaves - alternate, Leaves - spiral, Leaves - blade broad, Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - ligulate, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire

Inflorescence
terminal, bracteate, spikes, heads, conelike, Flowers sessile

Flowers
Flowers bisexual, Perianth present, Flowers large and showy, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers zygomorphic, Floral bracteoles present

Sepals/Tepals
Sepals distinguishable from petals, Sepals green, Sepals united

Petals/Tepals
Petals 3, Petals basally united, Petals mostly separate, Petals white (to pinkish), Petals yellow, Petals orange to red

Stamens
Stamens 1, Staminodes present, Stamens petaloid

Pistil
Carpels united, Carpels 3, Ovary inferior, Styles 1, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 3, Placentation axile

Fruit
Fruit - capsule

Seeds
Seeds - numerous per locule, Seeds - lacking tuft of hair, Seeds - surface +/- smooth, Seeds - round or ellipsoid, Seeds - angulate, Seeds - arillate


 

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Flora of China  
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