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Monocot Plants | Family List

Cyperaceae A. L. Jussieu

Aquatics growing in or on water, Aquatic emergent, Aquatic fresh water, Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Annuals, Perennials

Rhizomes, Bulbs, Stolons or runners, Sap clear

elongate, contracted, triangular, solid, aerenchyma

Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath closed, Leaves - simple, Leaves - basal (rosette), Leaves - alternate, Leaves - whorled, Leaves - 3-ranked, Leaves - linear or filiform (grass-like), Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire

terminal, lateral or axillary, bracteate, flowers solitary, cymes, racemes, spikes, panicles, umbels, spikelets, Flowers sessile

Flowers unisexual, Plants monoecious, Flowers bisexual, Perianth reduced to bristles or scales, Perianth absent, Flowers minute barely visible, Flowers small, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers actinomorphic, Floral bracteoles present, Glumes (empty bracts)

Stamens 3, Stamens 6 (3+3)

Carpels united, Carpels 3, Ovary superior, Styles 3 or 3-branched, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Stigma plumose or brush-like, Locules 1, Placentation basal (or apical), Perigynium sac around ovary

Fruit - achene (nutlet), Fruit 1-seeded

Seeds - single per locule, Seeds - surface +/- smooth, Seeds - angulate


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