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Monocot Plants | Family List

Cyperaceae A. L. Jussieu

Habit
Aquatics growing in or on water, Aquatic emergent, Aquatic fresh water, Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Annuals, Perennials

Roots
Rhizomes, Bulbs, Stolons or runners, Sap clear

Stems
elongate, contracted, triangular, solid, aerenchyma

Leaves
Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath closed, Leaves - simple, Leaves - basal (rosette), Leaves - alternate, Leaves - whorled, Leaves - 3-ranked, Leaves - linear or filiform (grass-like), Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire

Inflorescence
terminal, lateral or axillary, bracteate, flowers solitary, cymes, racemes, spikes, panicles, umbels, spikelets, Flowers sessile

Flowers
Flowers unisexual, Plants monoecious, Flowers bisexual, Perianth reduced to bristles or scales, Perianth absent, Flowers minute barely visible, Flowers small, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers actinomorphic, Floral bracteoles present, Glumes (empty bracts)

Stamens
Stamens 3, Stamens 6 (3+3)

Pistil
Carpels united, Carpels 3, Ovary superior, Styles 3 or 3-branched, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Stigma plumose or brush-like, Locules 1, Placentation basal (or apical), Perigynium sac around ovary

Fruit
Fruit - achene (nutlet), Fruit 1-seeded

Seeds
Seeds - single per locule, Seeds - surface +/- smooth, Seeds - angulate


 

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