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Monocot Plants | Family List

Iridaceae A. L. Jussieu

Habit
Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Annuals, Perennials

Roots
Rhizomes, Bulbs, Corms, Sap clear

Stems
contracted, rounded, solid

Leaves
Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath open, Leaves - sheath closed, Leaves - simple, Leaves - cauline, Leaves - basal (rosette), Leaves - alternate, Leaves - ensiform (sword-shaped), Leaves - unifacial, Leaves - 2-ranked (distichous), Leaves - spiral, Leaves - linear or filiform (grass-like), Leaves - blades plicate, Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - soft, Leaves - succulent, Leaves - margins entire

Inflorescence
terminal, bracteate, flowers solitary, cymes, subtended by large spathe (leaf-like bract), bracts brown membraneous, Flowers pedicellate

Flowers
Flowers bisexual, Perianth present, Flowers small, Flowers large and showy, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers actinomorphic, Floral bracteoles present

Sepals/Tepals
Tepals 6 (Sepals indistinguishable from petals)

Petals/Tepals
Petals 6, Petals mostly separate, Petals white (to pinkish), Petals yellow, Petals blue to purple, Petals orange to red, Petals brownish

Stamens
Stamens 3, Stamen filaments hairy

Pistil
Carpels united, Carpels 3, Ovary inferior, Styles 3 or 3-branched, Style winged petaloid, Stigma lateral, Locules 3, Placentation axile

Fruit
Fruit - capsule

Seeds
Seeds - few (2-10) per locule, Seeds - numerous per locule, Seeds - lacking tuft of hair, Seeds - surface +/- smooth, Seeds - surface rough or ribbed, Seeds - round or ellipsoid, Seeds - angulate, Seeds - compressed or flattened, Seeds - arillate, Seeds - black (phytomelan)


 

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