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Monocot Plants | Family List

Juncaceae A. L. Jussieu

Habit
Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Perennials

Roots
Rhizomes, Sap clear

Stems
elongate, rounded, solid

Leaves
Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath closed, Leaves - simple, Leaves - basal (rosette), Leaves - alternate, Leaves - 2-ranked (distichous), Leaves - 3-ranked, Leaves - spiral, Leaves - linear or filiform (grass-like), Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - ligulate, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire

Inflorescence
terminal, lateral or axillary, bracteate, cymes, spikes, panicles, heads, Flowers pedicellate

Flowers
Flowers bisexual, Perianth present, Perianth reduced to bristles or scales, Perianth absent, Flowers minute barely visible, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers actinomorphic, Floral bracteoles present

Sepals/Tepals
Tepals 6 (Sepals indistinguishable from petals), Sepals chaffy

Petals/Tepals
Petals 6, Petals mostly separate

Stamens
Stamens 3, Stamens 6 (3+3)

Pistil
Carpels united, Carpels 3, Ovary superior, Styles 1, Styles 3 or 3-branched, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Stigma plumose or brush-like, Locules 3, Placentation axile, Placentation parietal

Fruit
Fruit - capsule

Seeds
Seeds - few (2-10) per locule, Seeds - numerous per locule, Seeds - lacking tuft of hair, Seeds - surface +/- smooth, Seeds - round or ellipsoid


 

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