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Monocot Plants | Family List

Marantaceae Petersen

Habit
Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Pseudostem from leaf bases, Perennials

Roots
Rhizomes, Sap clear

Stems
elongate, contracted, rounded, solid, nodes swollen or brittle

Leaves
Leaves - petiolate, Leaves pulvinate, Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath open, Leaves - simple, Leaves - cauline, Leaves - basal (rosette), Leaves - alternate, Leaves - 2-ranked (distichous), Leaves - spiral, Leaves - blade broad, Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - venetion pinnate-parallel, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire

Inflorescence
terminal, bracteate, racemes, spikes, panicles, heads, subtended by large spathe (leaf-like bract), bracts brightly colored, Flowers pedicellate

Flowers
Flowers bisexual, Perianth present, Flowers small, Flowers large and showy, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers asymmetric, Floral bracteoles present

Sepals/Tepals
Sepals distinguishable from petals, Sepals green, Sepals separate

Petals/Tepals
Petals 3, Petals united into tube, Petals basally united, Petals mostly separate, Petals white (to pinkish), Petals yellow, Petals blue to purple, Petals brownish

Stamens
Stamens 1, Staminodes present, Stamens petaloid

Pistil
Carpels united, Carpels 3, Ovary inferior, Styles 1, Style winged petaloid, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Stigma lateral, Locules 1, Locules 3, Placentation axile

Fruit
Fruit - capsule, Fruit - berry, Fruit - warty, Fruit - winged, Fruit 1-seeded

Seeds
Seeds - single per locule, Seeds - surface rough or ribbed, Seeds - round or ellipsoid, Seeds - arillate


 

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