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Monocot Plants | Family List

Melanthiaceae Batsch

Habit
Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Perennials

Roots
Rhizomes, Bulbs, Corms, Sap clear

Stems
elongate, contracted, rounded, solid

Leaves
Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath open, Leaves - simple, Leaves - cauline, Leaves - basal (rosette), Leaves - alternate, Leaves - whorled, Leaves - 2-ranked (distichous), Leaves - spiral, Leaves - linear or filiform (grass-like), Leaves - blade broad, Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - venetion palmate, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire

Inflorescence
terminal, bracteate, flowers solitary, racemes, spikes, panicles, umbels, Flowers pedicellate

Flowers
Flowers unisexual, Plants dioecious, Plants monoecious, Flowers bisexual, Perianth present, Flowers minute barely visible, Flowers small, Flowers large and showy, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers actinomorphic, Floral bracteoles present

Sepals/Tepals
Tepals 6 (Sepals indistinguishable from petals), Sepals distinguishable from petals, Sepals green, Sepals separate, Sepals united

Petals/Tepals
Petals 3, Petals 6, Petals united into tube, Petals mostly separate, Petals white (to pinkish), Petals yellow, Petals greenish, Petals brownish

Stamens
Stamens 6 (3+3)

Pistil
Carpels separate (apocarpous), Carpels united, Carpels partially united, Carpels 3, Ovary superior, Ovary inferior, Styles 3 or 3-branched, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 3, Placentation axile

Fruit
Fruit - capsule, Fruit - berry

Seeds
Seeds - few (2-10) per locule, Seeds - numerous per locule, Seeds - lacking tuft of hair, Seeds - keeled or winged, Seeds - surface +/- smooth, Seeds - surface rough or ribbed, Seeds - round or ellipsoid, Seeds - angulate, Seeds - compressed or flattened


 

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