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Monocot Plants | Family List

Pandanaceae R. Brown

Habit
Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Woody, Trees or shrubs, Lianas or vines, Epiphytes, Perennials

Roots
Prop roots, Roots aerial (adventitious), Sap clear

Stems
elongate, contracted, rounded, solid

Leaves
Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath open, Leaves - simple, Leaves - cauline, Leaves - basal (rosette), Leaves - alternate, Leaves - 3-ranked, Leaves - spiral, Leaves - linear or filiform (grass-like), Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - dense and fibrous, Leaves - margins and tip spiny, Leaves - margins serrate

Inflorescence
terminal, bracteate, racemes, spikes, umbels, subtended by large spathe (leaf-like bract), bracts brown membraneous, Flowers pedicellate

Flowers
Flowers unisexual, Plants dioecious, Perianth absent, Flowers minute barely visible

Stamens
Stamens 1, Stamens 2, Stamens 3, Stamens 4 (2+2), Stamens 5, Stamens 6 (3+3), Stamens 9, Stamens numerous

Pistil
Carpels separate (apocarpous), Carpels united, Carpels partially united, Carpels 2, Carpels 3, Carpels 4, Carpels 6, Carpels many, Ovary superior, Styles 1, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 1, Placentation parietal, Placentation basal (or apical)

Fruit
Fruit - berry, Fruit - drupe, Fruit - multiple

Seeds
Seeds - single per locule, Seeds - few (2-10) per locule, Seeds - numerous per locule, Seeds - surface +/- smooth, Seeds - round or ellipsoid, Seeds U-shaped


 

Related Objects  

Flora of China  
  • Pandanaceae (PDF)
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