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Monocot Plants | Family List

Poaceae (R. Brown) Barnhart

Habit
Aquatic emergent, Aquatic fresh water, Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Woody, Annuals, Perennials

Roots
Rhizomes, Stolons or runners, Sap clear

Stems
elongate, contracted, rounded, hollow, nodes swollen or brittle

Leaves
Leaves - petiolate, Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath open, Leaves - simple, Leaves - cauline, Leaves - basal (rosette), Leaves - alternate, Leaves - 2-ranked (distichous), Leaves - linear or filiform (grass-like), Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - ligulate, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire

Inflorescence
terminal, racemes, spikes, panicles, spikelets, Flowers sessile, Flowers pedicellate, Flowers - pedicel articulated

Flowers
Flowers unisexual, Flowers bisexual, Perianth reduced to bristles or scales, Perianth absent, Flowers minute barely visible, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers zygomorphic, Floral bracteoles present, Glumes (empty bracts)

Stamens
Stamens 1, Stamens 3, Stamens 6 (3+3)

Pistil
Carpels united, Carpels 2, Carpels 3, Ovary superior, Styles 2, Styles 3 or 3-branched, Stigma plumose or brush-like, Locules 1, Placentation basal (or apical)

Fruit
Fruit - caryopsis, Fruit 1-seeded

Seeds
Seeds - single per locule, Seeds - fused to ovary wall, Seeds - lacking tuft of hair, Seeds - surface +/- smooth

Lower Taxa


 

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