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Monocot Plants | Family List

Pontederiaceae Kunth

Habit
Aquatics growing in or on water, Aquatic emergent, Aquatic leaves floating, Aquatic fresh water, Herbaceous, Annuals, Perennials

Roots
Rhizomes, Stolons or runners, Sap clear

Stems
contracted, rounded, solid, aerenchyma

Leaves
Leaves - petiolate, Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath open, Leaves - sheath closed, Leaves - simple, Leaves - cauline, Leaves - basal (rosette), Leaves - alternate, Leaves - 2-ranked (distichous), Leaves - spiral, Leaves - blade broad, Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - ligulate, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire

Inflorescence
terminal, bracteate, flowers solitary, racemes, spikes, panicles, umbels, Flowers sessile

Flowers
Flowers bisexual, Perianth present, Flowers large and showy, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers actinomorphic, Flowers zygomorphic, Floral bracteoles present

Sepals/Tepals
Tepals 6 (Sepals indistinguishable from petals)

Petals/Tepals
Petals 6, Petals basally united, Petals white (to pinkish), Petals greenish, Petals blue to purple, Petals orange to red, Petals brownish

Stamens
Stamens 6 (3+3), Stamens unequal in length

Pistil
Carpels united, Carpels 3, Ovary superior, Styles 1, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 3, Placentation parietal

Fruit
Fruit - achene (nutlet), Fruit - capsule, Fruit - warty

Seeds
Seeds - single per locule, Seeds - few (2-10) per locule, Seeds - numerous per locule, Seeds - surface rough or ribbed, Seeds - round or ellipsoid


 

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