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Monocot Plants | Family List

Ruscaceae Sprengel ex Hutchinson

Habit
Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Woody, Trees or shrubs, Perennials

Roots
Rhizomes, Sap clear

Stems
elongate, contracted, rounded, solid

Leaves
Leaves - petiolate, Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath open, Leaves - simple, Leaves - cauline, Leaves - basal (rosette), Leaves - alternate, Leaves - 2-ranked (distichous), Leaves - spiral, Leaves - linear or filiform (grass-like), Leaves - blade broad, Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - dense and fibrous, Leaves - soft, Leaves - succulent, Leaves - margins entire, Leaves - margins and tip spiny, Leaves - margins serrate

Inflorescence
lateral or axillary, bracteate, racemes, spikes, panicles, Flowers pedicellate, Flowers - pedicel articulated

Flowers
Flowers unisexual, Plants dioecious, Plants monoecious, Flowers bisexual, Perianth present, Flowers minute barely visible, Flowers small, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers actinomorphic, Floral bracteoles present

Sepals/Tepals
Tepals 6 (Sepals indistinguishable from petals), Sepals chaffy

Petals/Tepals
Petals 6, Petals mostly separate, Petals white (to pinkish), Petals greenish, Petals brownish

Stamens
Stamens 6 (3+3), Staminodes present

Pistil
Carpels united, Carpels 3, Ovary superior, Styles 1, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 3, Placentation axile

Fruit
Fruit - achene (nutlet), Fruit - capsule, Fruit - berry, Fruit - winged

Seeds
Seeds - single per locule, Seeds - few (2-10) per locule, Seeds - surface +/- smooth, Seeds - round or ellipsoid


 

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