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Monocot Plants | Family List

Smilacaceae Ventenat

Habit
Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Woody, Lianas or vines, Annuals, Perennials

Roots
Rhizomes, Sap clear

Stems
elongate, rounded, solid, spiny

Leaves
Leaves - petiolate, Leaves - simple, Leaves - cauline, Leaves - alternate, Leaves - opposite, Leaves - whorled, Leaves - 2-ranked (distichous), Leaves - blade broad, Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - venetion reticulate, Leaves - dense and fibrous, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire, Leaves - tip tendril

Inflorescence
terminal, lateral or axillary, bracteate, racemes, umbels, Flowers pedicellate

Flowers
Flowers unisexual, Plants dioecious, Perianth present, Flowers small, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers actinomorphic, Floral bracteoles present

Sepals/Tepals
Tepals 6 (Sepals indistinguishable from petals)

Petals/Tepals
Petals 6, Petals mostly separate, Petals white (to pinkish), Petals yellow, Petals greenish

Stamens
Stamens 6 (3+3), Staminodes present

Pistil
Carpels united, Carpels 3, Ovary superior, Styles 1, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 3, Placentation axile, Placentation basal (or apical)

Fruit
Fruit - berry, Fruit 1-seeded

Seeds
Seeds - single per locule, Seeds - few (2-10) per locule, Seeds - surface +/- smooth, Seeds - surface rough or ribbed, Seeds - angulate


 

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