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Monocot Plants | Family List

Typhaceae A. L. Jussieu

Habit
Aquatics growing in or on water, Aquatic emergent, Aquatic leaves floating, Aquatic fresh water, Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Perennials

Roots
Rhizomes, Sap clear

Stems
elongate, rounded, solid, aerenchyma

Leaves
Leaves - petiolate, Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath open, Leaves - sheath closed, Leaves - simple, Leaves - cauline, Leaves - alternate, Leaves - 2-ranked (distichous), Leaves - linear or filiform (grass-like), Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire

Inflorescence
terminal, racemes, spikes, heads, Flowers sessile

Flowers
Flowers unisexual, Plants monoecious, Perianth present, Perianth reduced to bristles or scales, Flowers minute barely visible, Flowers small, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers actinomorphic

Sepals/Tepals
Tepals 6 (Sepals indistinguishable from petals), Sepals chaffy, Sepals separate

Petals/Tepals
Petals 6, Petals mostly separate

Stamens
Stamens 1, Stamens 2, Stamens 3, Stamens 4 (2+2), Stamens 5, Stamens 6 (3+3)

Pistil
Carpels united, Carpels 3, Ovary superior, Ovary on gynophore, Styles 1, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 1, Placentation basal (or apical)

Fruit
Fruit - achene (nutlet), Fruit - follicle, Fruit - drupe, Fruit 1-seeded

Seeds
Seeds - single per locule, Seeds - lacking tuft of hair, Seeds - surface +/- smooth, Seeds - round or ellipsoid


 

Related Objects  

Flora of China  
  • Typhaceae (PDF)
  • PDF
    Interactive Keys by Xiangying Wen  
  • Typha sp. (Xiangying Wen)
  • Image/JPEG

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