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Monocot Plants | Family List

Xyridaceae C. Agardh

Habit
Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Annuals, Perennials

Roots
Rhizomes, Corms, Sap clear

Stems
elongate, rounded, solid

Leaves
Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath open, Leaves - simple, Leaves - cauline, Leaves - basal (rosette), Leaves - alternate, Leaves - spiral, Leaves - linear or filiform (grass-like), Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire

Inflorescence
terminal, bracteate, scapose, spikes, heads, conelike, Flowers sessile

Flowers
Flowers bisexual, Perianth present, Flowers small, Flowers large and showy, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers zygomorphic, Floral bracteoles present

Sepals/Tepals
Sepals distinguishable from petals, Sepals chaffy, Sepals separate

Petals/Tepals
Petals 3, Petals mostly separate, Petals clawed, Petals yellow

Stamens
Stamens 3, Staminodes present

Pistil
Carpels united, Carpels 3, Ovary superior, Styles 1, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 1, Placentation axile, Placentation basal (or apical)

Fruit
Fruit - capsule

Seeds
Seeds - numerous per locule, Seeds - surface rough or ribbed


 

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