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Monocot Plants | Family List

Zingiberaceae Lindley

Habit
Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Trees or shrubs, Pseudostem from leaf bases, Perennials

Roots
Rhizomes, Rhizomes aromatic, Tubers, Sap clear

Stems
elongate, contracted, rounded, solid

Leaves
Leaves - petiolate, Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath open, Leaves - simple, Leaves - cauline, Leaves - alternate, Leaves - 2-ranked (distichous), Leaves - spiral, Leaves - blade broad, Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - venetion pinnate-parallel, Leaves - ligulate, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire

Inflorescence
terminal, bracteate, cymes, racemes, spikes, bracts brightly colored, Flowers pedicellate

Flowers
Flowers bisexual, Perianth present, Flowers large and showy, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers zygomorphic, Floral bracteoles present

Sepals/Tepals
Sepals distinguishable from petals, Sepals green, Sepals colored (not green), Sepals separate, Sepals united

Petals/Tepals
Petals 3, Petals united into tube, Petals white (to pinkish), Petals yellow, Petals orange to red

Stamens
Stamens 1, Staminodes present, Stamens petaloid

Pistil
Carpels united, Carpels 3, Ovary inferior, Styles 1, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 1, Locules 3, Placentation axile

Fruit
Fruit - capsule, Fruit - berry

Seeds
Seeds - few (2-10) per locule, Seeds - numerous per locule, Seeds - arillate


 

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