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Monocot Plants | Family List

Colchicaceae Candolle

Habit
Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Perennials

Roots
Rhizomes, Corms, Sap clear

Stems
elongate, contracted, rounded, solid

Leaves
Leaves - petiolate, Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath open, Leaves - simple, Leaves - cauline, Leaves - basal (rosette), Leaves - alternate, Leaves - ensiform (sword-shaped), Leaves - 2-ranked (distichous), Leaves - spiral, Leaves - blade broad, Leaves - venetion parallel, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire

Inflorescence
terminal, bracteate, flowers solitary, cymes, racemes, Flowers pedicellate

Flowers
Flowers bisexual, Perianth present, Flowers large and showy, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers actinomorphic

Sepals/Tepals
Tepals 6 (Sepals indistinguishable from petals), Sepals colored (not green), Sepals separate

Petals/Tepals
Petals 6, Petals basally united, Petals mostly separate, Petals white (to pinkish), Petals yellow, Petals orange to red

Stamens
Stamens 6 (3+3)

Pistil
Carpels united, Carpels 3, Ovary superior, Styles 1, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 3, Placentation axile

Fruit
Fruit - capsule, Fruit - berry

Seeds
Seeds - few (2-10) per locule, Seeds - numerous per locule, Seeds - surface +/- smooth, Seeds - round or ellipsoid, Seeds - angulate, Seeds - compressed or flattened


 

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