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Monocot Plants | Family List

Heloconiaceae

Habit
Terrestrial, Herbaceous, Trees or shrubs, Pseudostem from leaf bases, Perennials

Roots
Rhizomes, Sap clear

Stems
elongate, contracted, rounded, solid

Leaves
Leaves - petiolate, Leaves - sheathing at base, Leaves - sheath open, Leaves - simple, Leaves - cauline, Leaves - alternate, Leaves - 2-ranked (distichous), Leaves - blade broad, Leaves - venetion pinnate-parallel, Leaves - soft, Leaves - margins entire

Inflorescence
terminal, bracteate, cymes, subtended by large spathe (leaf-like bract), bracts brightly colored, enclosed by distichous boat-shaped bracts, Flowers pedicellate

Flowers
Flowers bisexual, Perianth present, Flowers small, Flowers large and showy, Flowers 3 merous, Flowers zygomorphic, Floral bracteoles present

Sepals/Tepals
Tepals 6 (Sepals indistinguishable from petals), Sepals colored (not green), Sepals separate, Sepals united

Petals/Tepals
Petals 3, Petals 6, Petals united into tube, Petals basally united, Petals white (to pinkish), Petals yellow, Corona present

Stamens
Stamens 5, Stamens 6 (3+3), Staminodes present

Pistil
Carpels united, Carpels 3, Ovary inferior, Styles 1, Stigma terminal capitate or trilobed, Locules 3, Placentation axile

Fruit
Fruit - drupe

Seeds
Seeds - single per locule, Seeds - surface +/- smooth


 

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