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Hypecoum Linn.

角茴香属

Description from Flora of China

Chiazospermum Bernhardi.

Herbs, annual, low, usually glaucous, glabrous, taprooted, rosulate. Leaves in a basal rosette, lanceolate, oblanceolate, to narrowly obovate in outline, imparipinnate with deeply divided segments. Flowers in long pedunculate dichasia from rosette, bisymmetric. Petals 4, yellow, white, or bluish pink; outer petals flat, shallowly 3-lobed to entire; inner petals deeply 3-lobed; lateral lobes oblong, entire; median lobe with a narrow base and a rounded to oblong limb with a fimbriate or ± denticulate margin, specialized for secondary pollen presentation, initially pressed to stamens/gynoecium. Stamens 4, each with 2 thecae, but median ones with 2 vascular bundles, lateral ones with 1 vascular bundle; filaments flat, ± translucent, with lateral basal nectaries; anthers oblong, extrorse. Style with 2 narrow commissural stigmatic branches. Fruit linear, with many seeds in 1 row, dehiscing with 2 valves or breaking up into 1-seeded units. Seeds flattish, covered with oxalate crystals. Pollen with 2 long colpi, sometimes fused into a synaperture. Chromosome base number = 8.

See the paper by Dahl, "Infrageneric division of the genus Hypecoum L. (Papaveraceae)" (Nordic J. Bot. 10: 129-140. 1992).

Eighteen species: Mediterranean region to C Asia and China; four species (one endemic) in China.

(Authors: Zhang Mingli (张明理); Magnus Lidén)


 

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